The world episcopate challenges the COP 21 on Climate Change
Appeal of the Presidents of the Bishops' Conferences of the continental Instances worldwide
St. Gallen, 2 December 2015
The Presidents of all the Continental Associations of Bishops’ Conferences issued a compelling appeal to the negotiating parties and heads of State committed this December at COP 21 in Paris to work for the achievement of a new international climate agreement. The appeal underpins the importance of the Encyclical Laudato Si’ by Pope Francis. The signatories join “the Holy Father in pleading for a major break-through in Paris, for a comprehensive and transformational agreement supported by all.”
The appeal is a powerful call to work towards the approval of a fair, legally binding and truly transformational climate agreement that must put the common good ahead of national interests and should protect “our common home and all its inhabitants”. The agreement, according to the signatories, should limit global temperature increases to avoid catastrophic climatic impacts, especially on the most vulnerable communities. Based on scientific evidence, faith leaders recognize that excessive reliance on fossil fuel is primarily responsible for accelerated climate change, and they call not only for “drastic reduction in the emission of carbon dioxide and other toxic gasses”, but also for ending the fossil fuel era.
Putting forward a ten-point proposal (see below), the appeal draws on the concrete experience of people across continents, and links climate change to social injustice and the exclusion of the poorest and most vulnerable of citizens. As Pope Francis states in Laudato Si’, the climate is a common good, belonging to all and meant for all, and its degradation challenges us to re-define our notions of growth and progress, rethinking our lifestyles. The Church is also witness to how climate change is affecting vulnerable communities and people, and signatories therefore are asked “for social justice to be placed centre stage”.
Signatories of the call are H.E. Cardinal Oswald Gracias - President of FABC (Asia), H.E. Cardinal Péter Erdő - President of CCEE (Europe), H.E. Cardinal Reinhard Marx - President of COMECE (Europe), H.E. Cardinal Ruben Salazar Gomez - President of CELAM (Latin America), His Beatitude Cardinal Béchara Boutros Rai - President of CCPO (Council of Catholic Patriarchs of the Orient), His Grace Archbishop Gabriel Mbilingi - President of SECAM (Africa), His Grace Archbishop John Ribat - President of FCBCO (Oceania), His Grace Archbishop Joseph Kurtz - President of USCCB (USA) and His Excellency Bishop David Douglas Crosby, OMI - President of CCCB-CECC (Canada).
The appeal was written in collaboration with Catholic networks CIDSE (international alliance of Catholic development agencies) and Caritas Internationalis and with the sponsorship of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.
Notes to the editors:
-The full appeal in several languages is available on CCEE website (www.ccee.eu)
-Pictures from the press conference, including the signature of the statement, are available here: https://www.flickr.com/photos/cidse/albums/72157657518271633
In the last days, Comece (Commission of the Bishops’ Conferences of the European Community) presented a comprehensive report on the climate issue. The report is available in English, French and German.
The 10 points:
1. to keep in mind not only the technical but particularly the ethical and moral dimensions of climate change as indicated in Article 3 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
2. to accept that climate and atmosphere are global common goods that are belonging to all and meant for all.
3. to adopt a fair, transformational and legally binding global agreement based on our vision of the world that recognises the need to live in harmony with nature, and to guarantee the fulfilment of human rights for all, including those of Indigenous Peoples, women, youth and workers.
4. to strongly limit a global temperature increase and to set a goal for complete decarbonisation by mid-century, in order to protect frontline communities suffering from the impacts of climate change, such as those in the Pacific Islands and in coastal regions.
• to ensure that the temperature threshold is enshrined in a legally binding global agreement, with ambitious mitigation commitments and actions from all countries recognising their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDRRC), based on equity principles, historical responsibilities, and the right to sustainable development.
• to secure that the emissions reductions of governments are in line with the decarbonisation goal, governments need to undertake periodic reviews of the pledges they make and of the ambition they show. And to be successful these reviews need also to be based on science and equity and shall be mandatory.
5. to develop new models of development and lifestyles that are climate compatible, address inequality and bring people out of poverty. Central to this is to put an end to the fossil fuel era, phasing out fossil fuel emissions, including emissions from military, aviation and shipping, and providing affordable, reliable and safe renewable energy access for all.
6. to ensure people’s access to water and to land for climate resilient and sustainable food systems, which give priority to people driven solutions rather than profits.
7. to ensure inclusion and participation of the poorest, most vulnerable and impacted at all levels of the decision-making process.
8. to ensure that the 2015 agreement delivers an adaptation approach that adequately responds to the immediate needs of the most vulnerable communities and builds on local alternatives.
9. to recognise that adaptation needs are contingent on the success of mitigation measures taken. Those responsible for climate change have responsibilities to assist the most vulnerable in adapting and managing loss and damage and to share the necessary technology and knowhow.
10. to provide clear roadmaps on how countries will meet the provision of predictable, consistent, and additional finance commitments, ensuring a balanced financing of mitigation actions and adaptation needs.